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Michigan Expects 800,000 Fewer Acres of Corn, Soybeans
Michigan Ag Connection - 08/13/2019

Michigan growers anticipate harvesting 240,000 fewer acres of corn for grain and 560,000 fewer acres of soybeans this year than they did last year according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. This report is based on conditions as of Aug. 1.

Michigan corn producers expect a yield of 155 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the previous year. Production is projected to decrease 11 percent from last year.

Soybean production in the State is expected to total 77.4 million bushels, down 29 percent from a year earlier. The yield is forecast at 45 bushels per acre, a 3 bushel decrease from 2018.

Winter wheat production in Michigan is expected to total 37.7 million bushels. The yield is forecast at 77 bushels, up 1 bushel from last year's yield.

Producers of dry beans are expecting their crop to yield 2,200 pounds per acre, down 200 pounds from last year. Production is expected to decline by 2 percent from 2018.

The Michigan 2019 apple production forecast is 1.05 billion pounds, unchanged from last year.

The Michigan peach production forecast is 6,000 tons, down 50 percent from last year.

The U.S. apple production forecast is 10.6 billion pounds, up 4 percent from the previous year. The national peach crop forecast is 733,500 tons, up 13 percent from last year.

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don't become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf.

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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